|Catch Code||HDK COMMON|
|Scientific Name||Melanogrammus aeglefinus|
|FAO Area||FAO 27|
|Catch Method||Bottom trawl|
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Haddock caught off the Atlantic Coast of Canada is rebuilding from a previously depleted status. Managers increased the quota in 2017 because the population level has improved. Canadian managers regulate the haddock fisheries with quotas, seasonal and area closures during spawning, monitoring by at-sea observers, and controlled fishing practices to avoid bycatch. Bottom trawls catch many other species with haddock and because they contact the seafloor, can potentially damage habitat. The fishery continues to improve practices by working with Canadian fisheries managers and industry stakeholders to reduce bycatch of vulnerable species and determine how and to what extent fishing impacts sensitive benthic habitat and what management measures can be taken to reduce this risk. The Marine Stewardship Council initially certified haddock from Canada in 2010 for meeting its sustainable fishing standard, recertified it in 2016, and will next review this fishery in 2021.
Haddock caught in Iceland is from a healthy stock and is caught primarily by trawlers and longlines. Scientists observed fewer younger fish in recent years which could affect the future health of the fishery, though fisheries management in Iceland is effective and is based on limiting catch. Illegal discarding and bycatch of non-target species, namely seabirds, sharks, and skates, is presumed to be low, however bycatch data are incomplete and management measures are re-evaluating fishery impacts to these populations. Survey results show the Icelandic stock shifting towards northern Iceland over time. The Marine Stewardship Council and Iceland Responsible Fisheries Management programs certify haddock caught around Iceland for all fishing gears and ensure the fishery is traceable. The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and the Icelandic Marine Research Institute (MRI) provide scientific advice for setting catch limits and the Directorate of Fisheries monitors and enforces fishery management decisions such as area and fishing gear restrictions.
More about the Fish
Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is a saltwater fish from the family Gadidae. Haddock are easily recognized by the black lateral line running along their white side and by the distinctive dark blotch above their pectoral fin. Haddock can grow to be over 20 pounds.
Haddock is a very popular fish for eating and it is sold fresh, or preserved by smoking, freezing, drying, or to a small extent canned. Haddock flesh is lean, snow white in color when cooked, offers a delicate, sweet flavor and has excellent flaking quality.
Haddock is caught in both the western and eastern regions of the North Atlantic Ocean. It is an important species for fisheries, especially in Northern Europe. They favor cold, deep water where they live most of their lives.
Map courtesy of AquaMaps
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